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You are here: Home >> Resources >> Handouts >> National Facts on Sexual Assault

September, 2004

683,000 forcible rapes occur every year, according to the National Women's Study. This means there are:
     59,916 rapes per month
     1,871 rapes per day
     78 per hour
     1.3 per minute
National Victim Center & Crime Victim's Research and Treatment Center. 1992.

It is estimated that only 36% of rapes, 20% of attempted rapes, and 41% of other sexual assaults are reported to the police. Many factors contribute to underreporting, including embarrassment, fear of retaliation or further injury, and fear of court, police and court procedures that too often scrutinize and judge the victim's behavior, history, and credibility.
Bureau of Justice Statistics Bulletin. National Crime Victimization Survey. United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. 1996.

Two-thirds of sexual assaults are committed by someone known to the victim: friends, acquaintances, intimates and family members.
Bureau of Justice Statistics Bulletin. National Crime Victimization Survey. United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. 1996.

Women are 10 times more likely than men to be victims of rape or sexual assault.
U.S. Department of Justice Statistics, Bureau of Justice Statistics National Crime Victimization Survey. Criminal Victimization 1996: Changes 1995-96 with Trends 1993-96. November 1997.

54% of women raped in 1992 were younger than 18 years of age. 22% were under 12 years old and 32% were 12 to 17 years old when they were first raped.
National Institute of Justice, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Prevalence, Incidence, and Consequences of Violence Against Women: Findings from the National Violence Against Women Survey. November 1998.

The average rape or attempted rape costs $5,100 in tangible, out-of-pocket expenses. Medical and mental health care to victims represents the bulk of expenses. Adding to the impact a rape has on the victim's quality of life, the average rape costs $87,000 annually.
Victim Costs and Consequences. 1996.

Several sociocultural influences contribute to the incidence and prevalence of sexual assault. These include increased acceptance of interpersonal violence, adversarial stereotypes of male and female relationships, prevalent myths about rape and sex role stereotyping.
Schwartz, L.L. "Sexual Violence Against Women: Prevalence, Consequences, Societal Factors, and Prevention. American Journal of Preventative Medicine. 7 (6). 1991.

A survey found that in one-third of all rapes and physical assaults perpetrated against women, the victim sustained an injury. In 36% to 41% of all such injury victimizations, the victim received some type of medical care (e.g., paramedic care, emergency room treatment, physical therapy).
National Institute of Justice, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Prevalence, Incidence, and Consequences of Violence Against Women: Findings from the National Violence Against Women Survey. November 1998.
U.S. Department of Justice Statistics, Bureau of Justice Statistics National Crime Victimization Survey Special Report. Violence Against Women: Estimates from the Redesigned Survey. August 1995.

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